Thinking about the keywords you want to rank for is really the first and foremost step you need to take for your SEO strategy. Still, keyword research can be quite daunting. So, which keyword research mistakes should you avoid at all times? In this post, I’ll take you through the most common keyword research mistakes people are making. Being aware of these mistakes helps you set up a successful keyword research strategy and avoid practices that harm your rankings.
1. Not executing your keyword research correctly
Some people seem to think that they can forego keyword research, or that it’s no longer important. Doing proper keyword research can indeed be a tough, time-consuming process. And it’s true that ranking high isn’t just a matter of stuffing the right keyword in your text, and it hasn’t been for a long time. But skipping or winging your keyword research means you create content without a single idea of what your potential users are looking for. Don’t make the mistake of thinking that you’ll just instinctively know what your audience wants.
It’s still crucial you take some time to really dive into the language of your audience. Which words do they use? What terms do they search for? Which terms are competitive and which less so? The result of your keyword research should be an extensive list of keywords you would like to rank for. Make sure to update your keyword research list or sheet regularly. Your audience may change, as could your business focus and business needs. That has implications for your keyword strategy as well.
2. Aiming at unrealistic keywords
Make sure you aim for realistic keywords. Some niches are very competitive. Ranking in competitive niches is hard, especially if you’re just starting your website or business. If you’re just starting out, you shouldn’t aim for the competitive ‘head’ keywords (yet). Instead, focus on long tail keywords (which are easier to rank for and have a higher chance to convert).
For instance, if you have a fitness center and start a blog about fitness, it will be too hard to start ranking for the term [fitness]. Find out which aspects of your blog are unique and try ranking for those terms. Perhaps you write about fitness exercises for retired people. Aiming to rank for [fitness routines for retired people] could be a good strategy. In that case, you should also aim for [fitness tips for seniors], [fitness exercises for retirees] and so on. If you have been around in your niche for a little longer and you successfully rank for long-tail keywords, you could aim to rank for more head terms as well. Ranking for competitive keywords should be part of a long-term successful keyword research strategy.
3. Not thinking about search intent
More than ever, taking a good look at search intent is a crucial part of keyword research. You need to have a clear idea of the kind of intent that’s behind your keywords. People could be looking for information (informational intent), a specific website (navigational intent), or they might want to buy something (commercial or transactional intent). And that’s not all there is to it, as search engines aim to give users the exact answer they’re looking for. In other words, if your content doesn’t match searcher’s intent, it probably won’t make it to the results pages, no matter how great and well-optimized it is.
So, it’s important to evaluate whether the content you plan to publish for a certain keyword is in line with what people are looking for. You can do that by looking at the search results. Do the types of intent match? What answers do people want? Is your content in the right form? For instance, if you wrote an extensive DIY post to rank for the term [wedding decorations] and all you see in the results pages is online stores selling wedding decorations, it’s time to rethink your strategy. Check out this post about writing intent-based content for your keywords for more information on how to do that!
4. Using irrelevant keywords
This mistake is partly related to the previous one. If you don’t look at search intent, you’re more likely to optimize for words that potential visitors or customers won’t use. Two things can happen: either you do offer something people are looking for, but these potential visitors simply use different keywords and therefore won’t find you. Or, your keywords are too long tail and don’t get any traffic.
The keywords you aim to rank for should be the same words your customers use. Always try to use the language of your audience. Imagine yourself selling dresses for gala events. In your marketing, you refer to these dresses as ‘gala dresses’. However, most people do not search for [gala dress]. They search for [gown] or [evening dress]. You won’t get much traffic for the search term [gala dress] compared to the search terms [gown] or [evening dress].
The second problem could occur when you focus on long tail keywords that are so obscure they simply don’t generate any traffic. Long tail keywords are a great way to start your keyword strategy. These words attract less traffic, but you’ll have a higher chance to convert your visitors into buyers or returning visitors. People that use specific terms, to search for exactly that thing you’re writing about, are just a very good match. However, if your keyword is too specific and doesn’t bring in any traffic, it won’t help your SEO. So make sure you aim for long tail keywords that actually generate some traffic!
5. Focusing on only one keyword per post
If you write a nice blog post, its ranking opportunity may not be limited to one exact keyphrase, but includes related terms as well. So, if you can optimize for related (long tail) keyphrases without stretching it, you should definitely do so. For example, we have a post about timeless SEO tips. It’s optimized for [timeless SEO tips], but also for the similar phrases [universal SEO tactics] and [universal SEO improvements], and it’s doing quite well for each of these keywords.
Not sure how to optimize your content for related keywords and synonyms? Our Yoast SEO Premium plugin can help! It allows you to optimize for related focus keyphrases, and also gives you the option to define synonyms for your focus keyphrase, so that it can take them into account. Awesome, right?
6. Not checking whether you should use singular or plural
Always check if you should target the plural or the singular form of a specific keyword. Should you aim to rank for [ballet shoe] or for [ballet shoes]? Do people search for [holiday home] or [holiday homes]? While Google can recognize that the plural and singular versions of a word refer to the same thing, the search result pages and the number of results are often still different, because what users are looking for differs slightly.
In this case, again, it’s important to think about the intent of people searching for your keyword. Someone looking for the singular version of a keyword may be looking for information, while someone looking for the plural version could be looking to compare products and/or buy something. In any case, whether you should use a singular or a plural depends on your specific keyword and its intent, so take that into account.
7. Forgetting to evaluate
If you aim to rank for certain terms, make sure to check whether you succeed. You need to evaluate regularly if people actually find your articles. One way to do that is googling your proposed focus keyword every now and then. But be aware that your search results may be biased because Google has personalized search. So, use a private browser session, or a tool like https://valentin.app/ and check if your article turns up in the results. If you forget to evaluate, you won’t know whether you could aim for more competitive keywords or you should focus on long tail variants.
Conclusion: avoid these mistakes for a successful keyword research strategy
Executing keyword research takes a lot of time. It’s important that you take that time and really think about the terms you want to rank for. Read Keyword research: the ultimate guide for lots of practical tips that’ll help you to set up a successful keyword research strategy. And if it’s starting to look good, you can check for other common SEO mistakes as well.
As part of the recent $2 trillion stimulus package passed by Congress, most people will receive a check or direct deposit in the coming weeks and months. But how much will you get?
The answer, in multiple respects, is “it depends.”
First, it depends on your filing status: if you’re single, the payment is $1,200, but it doubles for a married couple filing jointly to $2,400.
It also depends on your family size; you’ll get an additional $500 for every child under the age of 17.
In addition, if you are claimed as a dependent on someone else’s tax return, you are not entitled to any payment at all.
And for high-income taxpayers, it depends on just how high your income goes; a married couple will start to lose the payment once adjusted gross income (AGI) — think, all of your income less only a few deductions — exceeds $150,000, and the same will occur for a single taxpayer once AGI exceeds $75,000.
Easy enough…but lost among the other aspects of the calculation is that your payment also depends on whether or not you have filed your 2019 tax return, and that is a factor that you may still control.
According to the new law, the IRS is going to look first to your 2019 tax return to compute the payment. If no 2019 return has been filed, however, the IRS will grab your 2018 return instead. (If you receive Social Security and don’t need to file a return, the IRS will send you a payment based on your Form 1099-SSA).
This, of course, presents opportunity. An individual who has not yet prepared his or her 2019 return should take into account the relevant variables — adjusted gross income, marital status, number of children — and determine which year would yield the bigger payment. If it’s 2019, then you’d better hurry up and file; if it’s 2018, then hold that 2019 return back until you receive your payment.
Example 1.In 2018, A and B are married but have no children. Adjusted gross income for the couple is $200,000. In 2019, however, A and B have a child, and B takes a leave from work. As a result, income has dropped to $120,000.
Based on A and B’s 2018 return, they would receive no stimulus payment because their income exceeds the phase-out limit. Based on their 2019 return, however, they are entitled to a payment of $2,900 ($2,400 + $500). As a result, A and B should file their 2019 return as quickly as possible.
Example 2. C is claimed as a dependent on her parents’ tax return for 2018. In 2019, C graduates college and gets a job, and is no longer claimed as a dependent.
Based on C’s 2018 return, she is not entitled to any payment, because she is claimed as a dependent on another’s return. Based on her 2019 return, however, she is entitled to a stimulus payment of $1,200. As a result, she should file her 2019 return as quickly as possible.
Example 3. D, a single taxpayer, left the workforce in 2017 to go back to school. D was in school full time throughout 2018 and 2019, and as of yet, has not filed a return for either year. D should quickly file a 2019 return, even with no income, in order to generate a $1,200 stimulus payment.
In other scenarios, it will behoove you to delay filing your 2019 return until AFTER you’ve received the stimulus payment, a task made easier once the IRS delayed the April 15th filing deadline to July 15, 2020.
Example 4. In 2018, A and B have a 16-year old daughter and income of $120,000. In 2019, they have the same income, and their daughter has turned 17.
Based on A and B’s 2018 return, they are due a payment of $2,900 ($2,400 + $500). Based on their 2019 returns, however, the payment would drop to $2,400, because their daughter has turned 17. As a result, A and B should delay filing their 2019 return until they receive their payment.
Of course, you should also take into consideration any refund you would be due on your 2019 return. If it’s substantial enough that you don’t want to wait, then…well, you’ve got a decision to make. A large refund now and potentially a smaller stimulus, or a larger stimulus now and the same refund in a few months.
Of course, the stimulus payment is intended to be an advance payment against an actual credit you will compute on your 2020 tax return. Thus, you may suspect that in Example 4 above, by delaying the filing of their 2019 return in order to receive a $2,900 advance payment, A and B will receive only a temporary benefit, because when they file their 2020 return, they will receive a credit of only $2,400, and will be required to recognize income or, worse, pay back the extra $500 credit.
But that’s not how the stimulus package appears to work. In fact, it’s favorably one-directional: if your advance payment is LESS than what you’re owed when you compute your 2020 return, you’ll get the excess as a credit on that return. But if your advance credit is GREATER than what you’re actually owed come the filing of your 2020 return, there appears to be no mechanism to either 1) repay the excess payment, or 2) recognize the excess amount as income.
As a result, every taxpayer who has not yet filed their 2019 return must consider whether doing so will increase or decrease their stimulus payment and react accordingly.
In his Tuesday afternoon briefing with the coronavirus task force, President Trump couched earlier comments about the need to reopen the U.S. economy within weeks, emphasizing that the decision would ultimately be data driven and made in consultation with public health experts.
The president said he still wants Americans working again by Easter Sunday, something he first said during a virtual town hall with Fox earlier in the day. But he was much more circumspect over whether that would be possible from a medical standpoint.
“I want to assure Americans that we have a team of public health experts … also economists and other professionals working to develop a sophisticated plan to reopen the economy as soon as the time is right, one based on the best science, the best modeling and the best medical research there is anywhere on earth,” he said.
Trump stressed that this is a “medical crisis, this isn’t a financial crisis.”
In the Fox News TV special earlier Tuesday, Trump said he “would love to have the country opened up and just raring to go by Easter.”
That’s April 12, within the timeline of “weeks” that Trump said he hopes is appropriate for curtailing the social distancing, isolation and other measures that officials have outlined to slow the spread of the coronavirus — but that have also paralyzed the economy.
During the briefing, officials also recommended that people who have recently left the New York City metro area should self-quarantine for the next 14 days to ensure the virus doesn’t spread.
The rate of infections inside the U.S. has not stopped climbing — by Tuesday afternoon, there were more than 50,000 confirmed cases nationwide, according to researchers at Johns Hopkins University — and Trump’s April 12 target date is far sooner than other milestones set by officials across the country.
The District of Columbia has closed its schools through April 24, for example; schools in Virginia won’t reconvene at all for the rest of this academic year.
Trump and Vice President Pence have talked up what they call the need for the U.S. to reset in stride, as military commanders might say — to continue some mitigation measures to constrain the pandemic but also permit some businesses to reopen.
“You can destroy a country this way by closing it down,” Trump said in the Fox special on Tuesday.
The president and vice president framed one focus for the upcoming months on the most vulnerable populations, particularly older people with preexisting medical conditions.
Under this construction, life might shift away from keeping everyone apart to permitting more people to leave their homes and return to work. For the time being, Trump said Americans might still be discouraged from shaking hands and other such activity. “We can socially distance ourselves and go to work,” he said.
At the same time, as Pence described it, the national response would shift from one based on dispersing everyone to defending the elderly, although it isn’t clear whether public health officials agree or what new steps that might require.
Partway through isolation
The United States is nine days into a 15-day period of White House guidelines to “slow the spread” of the virus. When that ends, the administration will begin to assess whether to recommend more isolation and mitigation — or to permit some people to work or travel, as Trump has suggested.
It isn’t clear what metrics the White House might use when making that assessment, and the challenge of moving out of this isolation phase is compounded by the unequal affliction of the coronavirus across the country.
Washington state, California and New York state have been hit particularly hard but aren’t moving through their rates of infection at the same rate.
Dr. Deborah Birx, leader of the White House’s coronavirus response task force, says Washington state is about two weeks ahead of New York, for example.
The White House has acknowledged that many of the important upcoming decisions about the pandemic belong to governors or local officials. Trump and Pence have come under pressure, however, to at least give broad expectations about when life can start to get back to normal.
In recent days, the president has taken on board the idea that too much isolation and too much mitigation could be too ruinous for the economy, saying the “cure” can’t be worse than the disease.
“We have a pent-up energy that’s going to be unbelievable,” Trump said.
The president said he wants to be mindful about the need to balance public health interests with the desire to reopen America for business, but he also suggested that public health officials might be too conservative.
“I’m sure we have doctors who say, ‘Let’s keep it closed for two years,’ ” Trump said. “No, we’ve got to get it open — our people want it open, and that’s the way this country was built.”
Trump appeared in a separate interview on Fox on Tuesday and described a scene he had imagined in which millions of worshippers were able to attend Easter services next month.
“Wouldn’t it be great to have all of the churches full?” Trump said, noting that churches had been forced to move online because of social distancing guidelines.
“Online is never going to be like being there,” he said. “You’re going to have packed churches all over our country. I think it would be a beautiful time.”
Call for consensus on legislation
Trump and Pence called for Congress to complete work on the relief and stimulus legislation that has been under negotiation for the past several days, but they also faulted Democrats for what they called opportunism about the bill.
“All of a sudden they started to throw the Green New Deal stuff in — ‘we want green energy,’ ” Trump said.
The president dislikes wind turbines after a dispute over the prospect that they might be installed near a golf course he owns in Scotland, and Trump suggested on Tuesday that Democratic support for wind energy might have caused him to reject some of the proposals in the bill.
“They had things in there that were terrible — windmills all over the place … windmills that kill the birds and ruin the real estate, right?” Trump said.
Washington must focus on “the workers,” the president said. “Workers first.”
Trump said in his second interview on Fox that he wasn’t concerned about the costs associated with what could be a $2 trillion stimulus package, because he considered that to be an investment.
“It’s not really spending, because a lot of it is helping companies” through loans, he said. “It’s loaded to save corporations,” he said, specifically mentioning Boeing.
“They’re going to pay that back,” he said, noting that some may pay by giving the government some equity and also by repaying with interest.
“We’re going to get stock for the taxpayers of our country,” Trump said.
Lawmakers’ disagreements threaten a sweeping federal economic stabilization package.
Last-minute fighting among lawmakers over the details of a more than $1 trillion economic stabilization package to aid families and businesses devastated by the coronavirus pandemic left the sweeping legislation teetering on the brink on Sunday, with the Republican-controlled Senate pushing ahead toward a vote on the package without a formal compromise with Democrats.
The top four congressional leaders met with Steven Mnuchin, the Treasury secretary, to hash out differences over the package, which remains unfinished after days of rapid closed-door negotiations with administration officials and bipartisan groups of senators.
They emerged without news of an agreement, but indicated that talks would continue even as Senator Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, the majority leader, planned to move forward with an initial procedural vote on the package during a rare Sunday session in the Senate.
Speaker Nancy Pelosi, who returned from San Francisco on Saturday to take part in the final stages of negotiations, went so far as to say the House would pursue its own legislation.
“It’s on the Senate side now because that’s their deadline for a vote,” Ms. Pelosi told reporters as she left the meeting. “But we’ll be introducing our own bill and hopefully, it will be compatible with what they discussed in the Senate.”
But Mr. McConnell said that the leaders “were very close” and “were still talking” after the meeting in his office, which included Senator Chuck Schumer, Democrat of New York, and Representative Kevin McCarthy, Republican of California, the two minority leaders.
“We’re at the point in the discussion where people will shortly have to say yes or no,” he said. “And I’m confident, given the desire of the country to see an outcome, that we’ll get to yes.”
“Make no mistake about it, we’ll be voting tomorrow,” he added. “I mean, the wheel has to stop at some point.”
Having missed a self-imposed deadline at 5 p.m. on Saturday to strike a full agreement, Republicans began drafting and circulating their own text, which was obtained by The New York Times.
Democrats, for their part, continued to push for stronger protections for workers and raised alarms about the scope of some funding levels and programs. Among the concerns, according to Democratic aides, was the size of a Treasury Department fund and the discretion Mr. Mnuchin and his lieutenants would have to decide who would receive those funds, as well as how quickly the administration would have to disclose loans or loan guarantees made to companies and industries.
Democrats have also voiced concerns that the bill does not contain enough barriers to prevent industries from laying off their work forces after receiving federal funds, and are pushing for giving grants instead of loans to airlines.
Governors plead for masks and ventilators, but a top U.S. official says some areas will have to wait.
The governors of multiple states and other leaders made urgent pleas on Sunday for masks and other protective equipment to help fight the swelling outbreak, imploring the federal government to do more to increase the products’ availability.
California officials told hospitals to restrict coronavirus testing, and a hospital in Washington State warned that it could run out of life-preserving ventilators by early next month. Washington State’s Department of Health told local leaders that only the highest-priority areas would have access to the government’s reserves of protective equipment, including N95 masks.
As the number of cases in the United States crossed 29,000, local elected officials across the country have called on President Trump to use his authority under the Defense Production Act to mobilize the private sector to increase the production of scarce goods.
Gov. J.B. Pritzker of Illinois, which reported more than 750 cases, said on CNN’s “State of the Union” that states continued to compete against one another in a race to procure protective gear as it became available.
“This should have been a coordinated effort by the federal government,” said Mr. Pritzker, a Democrat. “It’s a wild — Wild West, I would say, out there.”
Gov. Gretchen Whitmer of Michigan, also a Democrat, said on ABC’s “This Week” that the state needed “clear directive and guidance from the federal government.”
“Had the federal government really started focusing when it became clear that the whole world was going to be confronting this, we would be in a stronger position right now,” she said. “And that’s an issue I’m not going to belabor because I’ve got to keep solving problems and I would like the federal government to be a partner.”
In many cases, state and local officials are trying to strike a balance between sounding the alarm about their supply shortage and withholding sharp criticism of the Trump administration’s role in addressing those shortages as they lean on the federal government to provide critical aid.
Mr. Pritzker and Gov. Philip D. Murphy of New Jersey, a Democrat, praised the work of the Federal Emergency Management Agency for having fulfilled a fraction of their supply requests.
But Mayor Bill de Blasio of New York said on NBC’s “Meet The Press.” Mr. Trump would “not lift a finger to help his hometown” and repeatedly called for the military to be mobilized.
“If the president does not act,” Mr. de Blasio said, “people will die who could have lived otherwise.”
On “State of the Union,” Peter T. Gaynor, the F.E.M.A. administrator, said that the federal government was focused on places hit hardest: New York, California and Washington. Other areas not severely affected by the outbreak would simply have to wait.
“There’s hundreds of requests — virtually every state in the union looking for the same thing, and it’s not just the demand nationally, it’s a demand globally for these items,” he said.
He added, “If you don’t need it right away, you’re going to be a little bit farther down the list.”
Pressed on the number of supplies like masks that the government has distributed, Mr. Gaynor declined to say.
Representative Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, Democrat of New York, said there were still not enough supplies at hospitals in her district, and argued that places where the epidemic was not as severe could ill afford to wait.
“The fact that the president has not really invoked the Defense Production Act for the purposes of emergency manufacturers is going to cost lives,” she said on “State of the Union.”
A Department of Defense contractor who had tested positive for the coronavirus died on Saturday, the Pentagon said on Sunday.
New York State now has roughly 5 percent of the world’s cases.
The jump stemmed from both the rapid growth of the outbreak and a significant increase in testing in the state. Health officials emphasized that testing was revealing how quickly the virus had spread.
There are now 15,168 confirmed cases of the coronavirus in the state, up 4,812 since Saturday, and 114 deaths, Mr. Cuomo said. About 13 percent, or 1,974 people in New York who tested positive for the virus, were hospitalized, Mr. Cuomo said.
The governor also took issue with what he called the “insensitive” and “arrogant” behavior of New York City residents who continued to gather in parks and other public spaces. Mr. Cuomo indicated that he would give the city 24 hours to come up with a plan to reduce density in these spaces, which he would need to approve.
“I don’t know what I’m saying that people don’t get,” Mr. Cuomo said, suggesting that city officials could close some streets to traffic to give residents more outdoor space.
Appearing on NBC’s “Meet the Press” on Sunday morning, Mayor Bill de Blasio of New York warned that the city’s hospitals were straining under a deluge of cases, and he again called on President Trump to send more help.
“April is going to be worse than March,” he said. “And I fear May will be worse than April.”
Also on Sunday, Mr. Cuomo said the Federal Emergency Management Agency would build four hospitals with a total of 1,000 beds at the sprawling Jacob K. Javits Convention Center on Manhattan’s West Side.
Mr. Cuomo also said that he supported continued testing for the virus, and that he wanted the federal government to test people for antibodies indicating they had recovered from the virus, in part to help combat health care worker shortages.
Senator Rand Paul of Kentucky tests positive for the virus.
Senator Rand Paul, Republican of Kentucky, has tested positive for coronavirus, his office announced in a statement on Sunday. He is the first senator and the third member of Congress to test positive.
Mr. Paul “is asymptomatic and was tested out of an abundance of caution due to his extensive travel and events,” his office said on Twitter, and he has since self-quarantined. His Washington office began operating remotely 10 days ago, the statement said, and “hence virtually no staff has had contact” with him. The statement did not detail how long Mr. Paul had been in quarantine.
Two other members of Congress — Representative Mario Diaz-Balart, Republican of Florida and Representative Ben McAdams, Democrat of Utah — have also tested positive for the virus. Over a dozen others have since self-isolated after coming into contact with them or other individuals who had also tested positive for Covid-19. But as the Senate continues to meet in a bid to cut a deal on a massive rescue package, lawmakers have largely taken few precautions to comply with public health guidance.
Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany said on Sunday that she was going into isolation because her doctor had tested positive for the coronavirus, as the country banned groups of more than two people from gathering, except for families, to fight the outbreak.
The chancellor was informed of her doctor’s infection after a news conference Sunday at which she announced the tough new measures severely limiting social contact. The doctor vaccinated Ms. Merkel against pneumonia on Friday, the chancellor’s office said.
Ms. Merkel said the new social-distancing rules, which would be in place for at least two weeks, were among the strictest that any country had imposed on movement outside the home. They were announced as the number of confirmed cases in Germany rose to more than 23,900 on Sunday, with more than 90 deaths.
Under the new restrictions, restaurants, which were previously allowed to seat customers during the day at a safe distance from one another, will be allowed to stay open but provide only delivery and takeout services. Hairdressers, massage studios and tattoo parlors must now close their doors.
The announcement came as officials prepared to make 150 billion euros, or more than $160 billion, available to help the country weather the fallout.
The measure is expected to be passed by Ms. Merkel’s government on Monday with Parliament taking it up later in the week.
Before she announced that she would be self-isolating, Ms. Merkel demonstrated what responsible shopping looked like in times of the coronavirus when she was spotted at her local supermarket in Berlin.
Gingerly, U.S. police departments take up enforcing restrictions.
The rapid spread of the coronavirus in the U.S. is creating twin challenges for police departments around the country: how and when to enforce the new safety regulations, and how to do their regular work during a national health emergency.
One after another, a series of states and counties have issued stay-at-home warnings, ordered most businesses to close and banned public gatherings and unnecessary travel, all in hopes of slowing the pandemic.
The country exceeded 30,000 known cases on Sunday afternoon, with at least 378 related deaths.
Several large police departments in areas under restriction orders, including the San Francisco Bay Area and New York City, have said they would take a soft “education over enforcement” approach, preferring to warn violators than to arrest them.
“This isn’t martial law,” Chief Eddie Garcia of San Jose, Calif., told The Mercury News.
National Guard troops have been activated in all 50 states and several U.S. territories, but generally not for law enforcement duties. Rather, they are assisting with logistics, distributing supplies, setting up and operating testing sites, cleaning and securing public buildings and other urgent work.
The police in New Jersey, after breaking up several weddings, have reportedly arrested two hosts in recent days for holding large gatherings in defiance of the state’s order. But in general, there have been few reports of arrests for virus-related violations.
“If we see large groups, we’ll go and talk to them, educate them about it, and try and get compliance,” Chief Terence Monahan of the New York Police Department, told NY1.
Gov. David Ige of Hawaii on Saturday ordered a mandatory 14-day quarantine for everyone arriving in the state, including tourists and returning residents. Hawaii had 48 known cases on Sunday. Mr. Ige said in a Facebook post that failure to follow the order would be punishable by a fine of up to $5,000, up to a year’s imprisonment or both.
Police forces across the country said they were also cutting down on other kinds of arrests where possible, to avoid crowding more people into jails.
The researchers found that most cases occurred in regions with low temperatures, between 37.4 and 62.6 degrees Fahrenheit (or 3 and 17 degrees Celsius).
“Wherever the temperatures were colder, the number of the cases started increasing quickly,” said Qasim Bukhari, a computational scientist at M.I.T. who is a co-author of the study. “You see this in Europe, even though the health care there is among the world’s best.”
The temperature dependency is also clear within the United States, Dr. Bukhari said. Arizona, Florida and Texas have seen slower outbreak growth compared with Washington, New York and Colorado. Coronavirus cases in California have grown at a rate that falls somewhere in between.
Dr. Bukhari acknowledged that factors like travel restrictions, social distancing measures, variations in the availability of tests and hospital burdens might have affected the number of cases in different locations.
The combination of heat and high humidity that appears to reduce transmission comes mainly in July and August for much of the Northern Hemisphere, Dr. Bukhari cautioned.
“This suggests that even if the spread of the coronavirus decreases at higher humidity, its effect would be limited for regions above 40 degrees North, which includes most of the Europe and North America,” he said.
And because so much is unknown, no one can predict whether the virus will return with ferocity in the fall.
Thousands of health workers in Spain test positive, as countries worldwide struggle.
Some 3,500 doctors and other health workers in Spain have tested positive for the coronavirus, accounting for roughly 12 percent of the country’s roughly 28,500 cases, the Spanish health ministry said on Sunday, as authorities moved to extend countrywide emergency measures two more weeks.
The toll on health workers came amid some reports that hospital staffs had been forced to work without face masks and other basic protective gear. The number of dead in Spain rose by about 400 overnight to reach 1,753 on Sunday.
In the coming days, the Spanish army will also be deployed in greater numbers across the country, including to help transfer patients to hospitals.
“The wave that we’re going to suffer will be very hard, very hard in the coming weeks,” Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez said in a televised news conference on Sunday.
The World Health Organization’s top emergency expert said on Sunday that lockdowns could not prevent a resurgence of the virus.
“What we really need to focus on is finding those who are sick, those who have the virus, and isolate them, find their contacts and isolate them,” the expert, Mike Ryan, said in an interview on the BBC’s “Andrew Marr Show.” “If we don’t put in place the strong public health measures now, when those movement restrictions and lockdowns are lifted, the danger is the disease will jump back up.”
Among the dead in Spain was Lorenzo Sanz, a former president of the soccer powerhouse Real Madrid, who died on Saturday, becoming the most prominent person to succumb to the virus in Spain to date. Mr. Sanz, 76, led the soccer club from 1995 to 2000. The Madrid region has been the epicenter of the Spanish coronavirus crisis, with more than 800 deaths.
Italy reported 3,957 new cases on Sunday and the country’s total reached 59,138. There were also 651 deaths, with the total reaching 5,476. But the increases in both numbers were lower than reported a day earlier, and officials hoped that the lockdowns and other restrictive measures were working.
Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis of Greece on Sunday announced “a ban on all unnecessary movement by citizens across the country.” As of 6 a.m. Monday, only those who are going to or from work, buying food, visiting a doctor or pharmacy, taking brief exercise or walking a pet will be allowed on the streets, Mr. Mitsotakis said. All citizens must carry their police identity cards or passports with them. Greece reported a total of 624 cases.
A quake struck on Sunday near the Croatian capital, Zagreb, complicating quarantine measures and sending residents pouring into the streets during a partial lockdown. A 15-year-old was reported to be in critical condition and others were injured, news outlets reported. It was the strongest earthquake to hit the city since 1880. Croatia has 235 cases.
Uzbekistan, which has reported 42 cases, said the country’s borders with Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Afghanistan and Tajikistan would be closed to everyone except foreign citizens leaving the country and international cargo haulers. From Wednesday, anyone not wearing a mask in a public place will be fined.
In Iran, the supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, rejected a reported offer of U.S. assistance, citing an unfounded conspiracy theory that the virus was “created by America.” The country has more than 21,000 cases. The French medical charity M.S.F., or Doctors Without Borders, said it was setting up a 50-bed emergency center to treat severe Covid-19 cases.
Cases in the Czech Republic rose to 1,047, Health Ministry data showed, and 15,584 people had been tested as of Saturday.
Belgium is heading into “the peak of the epidemic, after which the curve will go down,” the country’s health minister, Maggie de Bock, said on Twitter. There were 3,400 confirmed cases and 75 deaths as of Sunday in the nation of 10 million, which hosts the European Union institutions. Over the weekend, police vans were deployed in Brussels neighborhoods asking people to stay indoors.
France, one of the countries in Europe hit the hardest, raised its totals to 16,018 confirmed cases and 674 deaths on Sunday. French officials said they had ordered more than 250 million face masks. In an interview on French TV on Sunday, Health Minister Olivier Véran announced the first death of a French doctor from the virus. Inmates in several prisons have protested the government’s confinement measures.
In Pakistan, where Prime Minister Imran Khan has resisted implementing a total lockdown, provincial governments are calling for one that comes with strict measures for those who violate it. Several provinces have sought help from the military, which is setting up temporary medical facilities and deploying doctors to help provide civilian medical services.
India observed its first so-called people’s curfew on Sunday, with millions staying indoors and emerging only for a few minutes at 5 p.m. to ring bells and bang on steel plates. The country has reported around 350 cases, relatively low for its population of 1.3 billion. The authorities also shut down metro lines and interstate passenger trains on Sunday.
Afghanistan on Sunday confirmed its first coronavirus death — a 40-year-old man in northern Balkh Province — as the total number of confirmed cases in the country rose to 34. Testing remains extremely low. With as many as 15,000 people arriving daily from Iran, one of the worst-hit countries, Afghanistan remains extremely vulnerable.
Officials in the densely populated Gaza Strip reported the first two coronavirus cases, two Palestinian men who had been in Pakistan and then entered Gaza via Egypt. Aid workers fear a public health disaster.
At the Vatican, Pope Francis on Sunday called for a moment of collective prayer: He asked all Christians to recite the Lord’s Prayer together at noon on March 25. “Let’s remain united,” the pope said, “and be close to those who are alone and in greatest need.” He blessed an empty St. Peter’s Square.
More about how to help victims of the coronavirus pandemic.
Trump wrote to Kim Jong-un offering help, North Korea says.
President Trump sent a letter to North Korea’s leader, Kim Jong-un, expressing willingness to help the North battle the coronavirus, according to North Korea, which responded by expressing gratitude.
“I would like to extend sincere gratitude to the U.S. president for sending his invariable faith to the Chairman,” Kim Yo-jong, the North Korean leader’s sister and policy aide, said in a statement carried by the North’s state-run Korean Central News Agency. Ms. Kim lauded Mr. Trump’s decision to write the letter as “a good judgment and proper action.”
In the letter, Mr. Trump “wished the family of the Chairman and our people well-being,” Ms. Kim said, referring to her brother by one of his official titles. She said Mr. Trump had also expressed a desire to move relations between the two countries forward.
The White House confirmed that Mr. Trump had sent Mr. Kim a letter but did not comment on its specifics.
Mr. Trump and Mr. Kim have repeatedly touted their unusual relationship. But relations between Pyongyang and Washington have cooled since the leaders’ second summit meeting, held in Vietnam in February of last year, collapsed over differences regarding how quickly North Korea should dismantle its nuclear weapons program and when Washington should ease sanctions.
The move came as the White House has signaled that American companies are increasing efforts to restock hospitals with crucial supplies during the pandemic, but it has stopped short of more assertive steps that some state and local leaders have been demanding.
Vice President Mike Pence said at a news conference at the White House on Saturday that the federal government had ordered hundreds of millions of N-95 masks for health care facilities, but he did not say when they would be delivered.
The White House’s moves appeared unlikely to satisfy calls for more aggressive action as the nation grappled with a reorientation of American life. More than 21,000 cases have been confirmed in the United States, a number expected to soar in the coming weeks.
For weeks, Olympics leaders had resolved to go forward with the Games, which are scheduled to open on July 24 and run through Aug. 9, despite the pandemic and the growing restrictions that athletes face on training as lockdowns have been announced in their home countries.
Norway’s national Olympic committee, in a statement on Friday, became the first to clearly state a preference that the Olympics to be delayed until the global pandemic can be brought under control. The Brazilian Olympic committee on Saturday also endorsed postponing the Games until next year.
In the United States, whose companies invest a significant portion of the money that funds the Olympics, U.S.A. Swimming and U.S.A. Track & Field, the governing bodies for those sports, have called for a one-year delay. Together, those sports typically account for most of the United States’ medals.
Italy’s crisis stands as a warning for the world.
Italy has imposed a lockdown, deployed the army and risked its economy to try to stop the spread of the coronavirus. Yet its toll is growing more staggering by the day: By Sunday the country had more than 53,500 cases and over 4,800 deaths, surpassing China as the country with the highest death toll.
Italy’s struggle is increasingly being seen as a tragic warning for other countries to heed, in part because it is paying the price of early mixed messages by scientists and politicians. The people who have died in staggering numbers recently were mostly infected during the confusion of a week or two ago.
The government has sent in the army to enforce the lockdown in Lombardy, the northern region at the center of the outbreak, where bodies have piled up in churches. On Friday night, the authorities tightened the nationwide lockdown, closing parks, banning outdoor activities including walking or jogging far from home.
On Saturday night, Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte announced another drastic step in response to what he called the country’s most difficult crisis since World War II: Italy will close its factories and all production that is not absolutely essential, an enormous economic sacrifice intended to contain the virus and protect lives.
“The state is here,” he said in an effort to reassure the public.
If Italy’s experience shows anything, it is that measures to isolate affected areas and limit the movement of the broader population need to be taken early, put in place with absolute clarity and then strictly enforced.
You know it’s coming. It’s going to tower over you as you traverse the main square at Patriot Place outside Gillette Stadium. It’ll cast a long shadow as the sun passes overhead. Like the Lincoln Memorial and other D.C. landmarks, it will take an in-person visit to Foxborough to understand its sheer size and scale.
The Tom Brady statue is coming some day. It’s time to start wondering what shape it will take.
For an athlete who engineered as many dramatic and iconic moments as he has, Brady has a curious lack of a singular defining image. There’s no one photo or moment that fans would collectively point to as the clear choice. Perhaps he’s accomplished so much that there’s no single capture that transcended the rest, like Bobby Orr flying through the air.
So it’s bound to become a good old-fashioned Sports Debate™ as to what image(s) should come to define the Brady statue. This thing isn’t going anywhere once it’s planted in Patriot Place, folks. This is a serious discussion. So let’s go over some of the general candidates…
Ultimately, it’s hard to believe that the Lombardi Trophy wouldn’t be incorporated in some way with the Brady statue. The guy won six of the things and there are more than enough photos to use for reference. So perhaps they go with something from Brady’s demonstrative gestures with the Lombardi after the Patriots won Super Bowl LI. They could also go the route of the image of Brady after winning his first Super Bowl, hands on his head, shaking in disbelief. Referencing the championships is the most obvious route to take.
On This Date: In 2002, Tom Brady led the Patriots to their first Super Bowl win, and a dynasty was born.
Brady had simple ways of showing his emotions when the adrenaline flowed. He fist-pumped with the best of them and had plenty of opportunities to celebrate touchdowns and wins with a flourish. There’s no one fist-pump that became a defining clip of Brady over the years, but there are all kinds of possibilities. One of the best-looking fist pump photos came from the Patriots’ unforgettable 2014 divisional round win over the Raven
Tom Brady, Hines Ward, and MORE! Top 18 players selected with compensatory picks
Brady has also made for some exciting imagery with the way he took the field at Gillette Stadium. The simplest way to illustrate Brady’s legendary competitiveness and commanding leadership is to put the statue in full uniform letting out a lion’s roar for the fans. Bucs fans will get it soon enough with why Brady is considered the greatest of all time. It will start with the way he greets them on Sundays.
The Snow Spike
The Patriots dynasty truly marked its arrival with the first Super Bowl win over the Rams in 2001, but the famous snow game against the Raiders planted the seed. Go back and watch that game and you get some severely early glimpses of Brady’s budding greatness. His best image from that game came when he spiked the ball after trudging into the snow-covered end zone. Maybe not the ideal choice of a moment to memorialize with an actual statue, but one of Brady’s iconic moments for sure.
Brady has made a lot of signature plays, but one of his most famous wasn’t a throw at all. When Brady scrambled and juked the Bears’ Brian Urlacher, while the linebacker was in the midst of an All-Pro season, Brady gave fans a unique reason for why he was such a superior football player to his peers. I submit Brady’s subsequent first-down celebration as a wild card, dark horse kind of option for the statue.
A 5.7 magnitude earthquake hit Utah on Wednesday morning, the U.S. Geological Survey said, knocking out power and rattling residents already shaken up by the coronavirus pandemic.
About 73,000 homes and businesses lost electricity in the Salt Lake City Area, utility Rocky Mountain Power said, but power was being quickly restored in some areas.
Some people ran from their homes and into the streets as dishes fell from shelves and pictures from walls. Operations at Salt Lake City International Airport stopped, and the control tower and concourses were evacuated, the airport tweeted. The airport was expected to reopen later Wednesday.
The quake also shut down the light rail service for Salt Lake City and its suburbs.
People in Colorado, Idaho, Wyoming and Nevada reported feeling the quake.
In downtown Salt Lake City, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints’ iconic Salt Lake Temple sustained minor damage. Gov. Gary Herbert warned people to stay away from downtown Salt Lake City while crews checked for further damage.
There were no immediate reports of injuries, Utah Emergency Management spokesman Joe Dougherty said.
The quake’s epicenter was located near Magna, Utah, which is just southwest of Salt Lake City, according to the U.S. Geological Survey.
The earthquake hit a little after 7 a.m. local time. An estimated 2.76 million people likely felt the quake, the U.S. Geological Survey reported. Most residents felt their homes shaking for 10 to 15 seconds.
New father Ryan Jensen, whose baby was born Wednesday morning at Altaview Hospital in West Jordan, Utah, told USA TODAY via text that the “hospital was rocking. Man oh man as if being born in a pandemic wasn’t enough, man that was nerve rattling.”
Janis Ferre of Salt Lake City wrote on Facebook: “It sounded as though our house was stretching,” the Salt Lake City Tribune reported.
Added Holladay resident John E. Henderson: “It felt like somebody picked up my house and dropped it,” the Tribune said.
It was the largest earthquake in Utah since a 5.9 magnitude quake hit the state in 1992, Utah Emergency Management said.
The U.S. Geological Survey said that in general, magnitude 5 or larger earthquakes occur at an average rate of about one every 10 years in this area.
Magnitude 6 or larger earthquakes occur about every 50 years in this area
While the team did not identify the players in a news release, Durant spoke with The Athletic, saying he feels fine. “Everyone be careful, take care of yourself and quarantine. We’re going to get through this.”
Brooklyn’s announcement brings the NBA’s publicly known cases of players who have tested positive for coronavirus to seven. Utah’s Rudy Gobert was the first last week, which led the NBA to suspend the 2019-20 season. Gobert’s teammate Donovan Mitchell and Detroit’s Christian Wood also tested positive last week.
The Nets have not played the Jazz or Pistons recently and have not played teams who have played the Jazz or Pistons since late February.
“The organization is currently notifying anyone who has had contact with the players, including recent opponents, and is working closely with state and local health authorities on reporting,” the Nets said in a statement. “All players and members of the Nets travel party are asked to remain isolated, closely monitor their health and maintain constant communication with team medical staff.”
Durant has been out all season while recovering from surgery to repair a ruptured Achilles tendon he suffered in last year’s NBA Finals.
The Nets’ previous four games were against the Los Angeles Lakers on March 10, Chicago Bulls on March 8, San Antonio Spurs on March 6 and Memphis Grizzlies on March 4.
The Nets initially welcomed Durant traveling with the team so he could support his teammates behind the scenes. Durant traveled with the Nets last week for their game against the Lakers.
Durant did not plan to travel with the Nets for their game behind closed doors against the Golden State Warriors at Chase Center. Even though the Warriors planned to play a tribute video for Durant, who helped them win two NBA championships in three Finals appearances.
St. Patrick’s Day is usually celebrated with large gatherings, parties and parades. But St. Patrick’s Day 2020 may look a little different this year as many are self-isolating and practicing social distance amid the coronavirus outbreak.
But if you don’t want to let the St. Patrick’s Day holiday pass by and would still like to celebrate Ireland and Irish culture, here are the Irish and Irish American movies you can stream on Netflix and Amazon Prime.
Irish Movies to Stream on Netflix
The Crying Game
The Young Offenders
Irish director Neil Jordan’s The Crying Game(1993) tells the story of a British soldier who is captured by the IRA and makes friends with one of his captors. The Crying Game has a 94 percent rating on Rotten Tomatoes.
The Young Offenders (2016) is an Irish comedy film about two teenagers, Conor and Jock, who steal bicycles and embark on a quest to find €7 million worth of cocaine, and the movie has a rating on Rotten Tomatoes of 100 percent. Additionally, two seasons of The Young Offenders spin-off sitcom have aired, with the third airing in 2020.
Cardboard Gangsters (2017) is a movie about a group of young men who seek money and power while trying to take over the drug trade in Darndale, Dublin. Cardboard Gangsters has a rating of 94 percent on Rotten Tomatoes.
Irish Movies to Stream on Amazon Prime
Black ’47 (SHOWTIME on Amazon)
Song of the Sea (STARZ on Amazon)
The Hole in the Ground
The Irish Pub
Black ’47(2018) is a historical drama set during the Great Famine that sees an Irish Ranger abandon his fight against the British Army to return home to his family. Black ’47 features Northern Irish actor Stephen Rea and Irish actor Barry Keoghan and has a 78 percent rating on Rotten Tomatoes.
Families should watch Song of the Sea(2014), an Irish animated fantasy film about Celtic folklore and how a young Irish boy discovers that his sister is a selkie. The movie has a Rotten Tomatoes rating of 99 percent.
Horror fans will enjoy the Irish movie The Hole in the Ground (2019), which is about a young boy who disappears in the woods, only to return with increasingly disturbing behavior. The Hole in the Ground has an 84 percent rating on Rotten Tomatoes.
The Irish Pub (2013) is a documentary about the traditional Irish pub and has a Rotten Tomatoes rating of 100 percent.
Irish Movies Available to Rent or Buy
Brooklyn is a 2015 movie starring Saoirse Ronan about a young Irish woman who travels to New York in the 1950s. (YouTube, Google Play, Fandango Now, Vudu, Microsoft, iTunes, DirectTV)
The Wind That Shakes the Barley (2006) is a movie starring Cillian Murphy, set in the Irish War of Independence, and tells the story of two brothers fighting side-by-side. (Amazon, Microsoft and iTunes)
Intermission (2003) is an Irish black comedy film set in Dublin and starring Irish actors Coin Farrell and Cillian Murphy. (Amazon)
The Commitments (1991) is a musical comedy-drama film about an unemployed Dublin man who forms a jazz band made up of Irish working-class people. (YouTube, Google Play, Fandango Now, Vudu, Microsoft, iTunes, Redbox)
In the Name of the Father is a 1993 movie starring Daniel Day-Lewis as an Irish man wrongly sentenced to life in prison after the IRA bombing of 1974. (YouTube, Google Play, Fandango Now, Vudu, Microsoft, iTunes, Redbox)
Once (2007) is a romantic musical drama film about a street musician and a Czech immigrant who meet in Dublin and record music together. (YouTube, Google Play, Fandango Now, iTunes, Vudu)
Sing Street is a 2016 movie about a boy who starts a band in 1980s Dublin. (Amazon, iTunes, Microsoft)
Ondine (2009) is a romantic drama directed by Neil Jordan that explores the Celtic mythology of the selkie. (Amazon, Vudu, iTunes, Microsoft)
A Date for Mad Mary (2016) is a romantic drama about a woman named Mary who tries to find a date for her best friend’s wedding after leaving prison. (YouTube, Amazon, Google Play, Vudu)
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aharashtra Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray will take a vital choice on suspending Mumbai’s life saver, the neighborhood train administrations, for a couple of days, as one of the proportions of ‘social separating’ to forestall the spread of COVID-19, Health Minister Rajesh Tope said here on Tuesday.
The issue will be talked about at the state bureau meeting on Tuesday evening as the administration is firm that the coronavirus must not be permitted to spread from ‘Stage II to Phase III’ at any expense.
Other than the rural trains, the choice could likewise incorporate the Mumbai Metro Rail, Monorail and other open methods of transport which can possibly practically deaden the nation’s business capital.
“There are alternatives – like disinfecting all train mentors, restricting the quantity of workers to the seats accessible in each intruder to abstain from swarming – being viewed as other than totally halting the neighborhood train administrations,” Tope said.
Spread over the Central Railway and its Harbor Line, in addition to Western Railway, the rural trains are the help of Mumbai which ship over 8.50 million suburbanites day by day serving Mumbai, Thane, Palghar and Raigad locale.
Maharashtra at present has 38 COVID-19 positive cases including a 64-year-old coronavirus persistent, who died at Mumbai’s Kasturba Hospital, today.
All forthcoming neighborhood bodies and city races in the state have been deferred by a quarter of a year, the shutdown of scholastic foundations in urban focuses has been reached out to cover every single instructive organization even in rustic zones.
Maharashtra CM Uddhav Thackeray declared a unique ₹45 crore reserve to handle the pandemic to be disseminated among the Divisional Commissioners at Konkan and Pune, while ₹5 crore each will be dispensed to Nagpur, Amravati, Aurangabad and Nashik.
The cash would be used to give different offices at the isolate focuses including nourishment, TVs, indoor games like carroms, and so on. The locale specialists have been approved to make crisis acquisition of ventilators or required clinical hardware.
Thackeray claimed that the individuals who have been exhorted home isolate should deliberately avoid venturing out in the open to forestall any hazard to other people.
Irish soda bread is practically a way of life in Ireland.
The unleavened bread is quick and easy to make, and it only requires a few, simple ingredients. All you need for most traditional soda bread recipes is buttermilk, baking soda, sugar, salt, all-purpose flour, eggs and some unsalted butter.
Best of all, you can find a way to have it with every meal.
Make a traditional Irish meal
If you were able to stock your fridge up with the necessary ingredients, now would be a great day to make a traditional Irish meal at home.
Whether it’s a beef stew or corned beef hash, what better way to lift up the spirits of everyone at home than by filling it with the aroma of delicious food?
If you’re looking for something to watch from home, this would be a good time to search out these films with Irish lead characters to add to your list.
On Netflix, try streaming “The Crying Game,” which stars Stephen Rea as an Irish Republican Army terrorist that bonds with his prisoner. Follow that up with “The Irishman,” which is Martin Scorsese’s 2019 epic crime film starring Robert De Niro and Al Pacino.
Follow that up with “Gangs of New York,” which takes place in the 1860s, and stars Leonardo DiCaprio and Daniel Day-Lewis. Then round out your movie marathon with “The Boondock Saints,” an action thriller about two vigilante brothers hunting down and killing gangsters in Boston.
For those of you with Disney fans in the family, Disney+ has its 2001 teen film “The Luck of the Irish” available to stream.
Stream a Dropkick Murphys concert
The Dropkick Murphys have performed in Boston on St. Patrick’s Day weekend for for over two decades now.
But like many other events, their performance was canceled due to the coronavirus outbreak.
Ireland is home to many great authors, including James Joyce and Oscar Wilde.
Maybe you read one of their books in school or you’ve been promising yourself that you would finally read it. Well, now is the perfect time to cross it off your list.
A few great places to start would be Joyce’s “Ulysses” or “A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man.” Wilde’s “The Picture of Dorian Gray” and the “Importance of Being Earnest” are also literary classics.
Raise a glass of Guinness
Maybe now, more than ever, we could all use a pint of Guinness or a shot of whiskey.
What would normally be a day out celebrating in the streets has turned many cities into ghost towns.
Even so, you can always grab a pint of Guinness and drink it at home.